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|Title||:||Hamlet: (Annotated with short biography)|
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PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Hamlet: (Annotated with short biography) The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Denmark is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare between and Set in the Kingdom of Denmark the play dramatizes the revenge Prince Hamlet exacts on his uncle Claudius for murdering King Hamlet who is Claudius s brother and Prince Hamlet s father and then succeeding to the throne and taking as his wife Gertrude the old king s widow and Prince Hamlet s mother The play vividly portrays both true and feigned madness from overwhelming grief to seething rage and explores themes of treachery revenge incest and moral corruption .
Hamlet is Shakespeare s longest play and among the most powerful and influential tragedies in English literature with a story capable of seemingly endless retelling and adaptation by others The play was one of Shakespeare s most popular works during his lifetime and still ranks among his most performed topping the Royal Shakespeare Company s performance list since It has inspired writers from Goethe and Dickens to Joyce and Murdoch and has been described as the world s most filmed story after Cinderella .
Shakespeare based Hamlet on the legend of Amleth preserved by th century chronicler Saxo Grammaticus in his Gesta Danorum as subsequently retold by th century scholar Fran ois de Belleforest He may also have drawn on or perhaps written an earlier hypothetical Elizabethan play known today as the Ur Hamlet He almost certainly created the title role for Richard Burbage the leading tragedian of Shakespeare s time In the years since the role has been performed by highly acclaimed actors from each successive age .
Three different early versions of the play are extant the First Quarto Q the Second Quarto Q and the First Folio F Each version includes lines and even entire scenes missing from the others The play s structure and depth of characterisation have inspired much critical scrutiny One such example is the centuries old debate about Hamlet s hesitation to kill his uncle which some see as a mere plot device to prolong the action but which others argue is a dramatization of the complex philosophical and ethical issues that surround cold blooded murder calculated revenge and thwarted desire More recently psychoanalytic critics have examined Hamlet s unconscious desires and feminist critics have re evaluated and rehabilitated the often maligned characters of Ophelia and Gertrude